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几段文字的文章鉴赏

2015-03-06 18:14:51

[文学与艺术]

 

这学期的英语文学课期中考试的内容,其实还是挺有意思的,将自己的个人见解拿出来跟大家分享一下

 

 

 

A Rose for Emily

This is the climax of the whole story, which unpacks the last package. In the first sentence, it uses "the violence" as the subject of the sentence, and it seemed to "fill" the room with "dust", sticking out that the break-in is extraordinary. In contrast, the "dust" implies that this is a quiet, lifeless and abandoned place, which has never been visited. And “fill” shows the extent of this situation. After that is a long parallelism sentence, describing where the dust is covering. First, it briefly describes the whole room, which seems for a bridal. So the reader can understand the basis for further circumstance. And then, it use contrast to describe the weird and horrible stuffs in this room -- "rose color" curtain and "rose-shaded lights" seem very romantic but they are "faded" and ruined in the dust. And finally it leads to the dead body. Rather than showing up the dead body directly, it describes something weirder, which is "man's toilet things". It breaks the rhythms and puts two "silver" from two clauses together, which makes it more oppressive.  And at the end, one sentence separated out, telling us that the man "himself" lay in the bed. It uses "himself" for repeating that is the man, informed us the truth, and giving us a strong impression. And from the "First Person" perspective, you can feel the tension and excitement of those people who break in that room.

 

这里将the violence 作为主语(subject),使用了fill这个这个词,凸显了破门而入的暴力,相比之下,更衬托出这个是一个外人无法进入的地方。

接下来是一个使用排比的长句子,对灰尘dust 进行详细的描写。这里采用先整体后局部的方法,一步一步地将故事的真相带给读者。首先先对房间的地板和整体的装潢像是为了婚礼,对大致的颓靡的环境进行描写,交代房间的整体布局;然后运用对比的手法描写到了房间的细节,玫瑰颜色的窗帘、玫瑰形状的灯本来十分浪漫,但是由于覆盖了灰尘,显得更加地恐怖了;最后描写到了最重要的东西,这里并没有直接描写the dead body,而是先描写the thing which the dead body left,两个silver连在一起,使得节奏更佳地紧凑,接着描写了。最终,用一句单独独立的话精彩地结束了描写。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Let us go then, you and I,
When the evening is spread out against the sky
Like a patient etherized upon a table;
Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster-shells:
Streets that follow like a tedious argument
Of insidious intent
To lead you to an overwhelming question ...
Oh, do not ask, “What is it?”
Let us go and make our visit.
In the room the women come and go
Talking of Michelangelo.

This is the beginning of the love song. In the first two lines, it describes two people; a man and a woman are walking in the nightfall. "Spread out" shows the change in the color of the sky. That is a very wonderful landscape. Obviously, it is also a good time for love. However, there is a sudden turn, which caused by a negative, decayed and bad metaphor "patient etherized upon a table". The word "etherized" is extraordinary, which can be referred to the loss of memory. There is maybe something you should better not to experience or you should better forget what you did. After that, the place that “let us go” is not as same as before (maybe they are just wandering but the wrong place). "Half -deserted" streets show that they might at a good time but they are in the wrong spot. Hotels are fine, but those hotels are "one-night" and "cheap", and some "muttering retreats" are coming from there, showing that these are not regular hotels. It is more likely a place for one-night stand or for doing something bad. And the restaurants are "sawdust" and "with oyster-shells", also showing that these are the places for low company people. And then, there is a colon, summing up what he has described before. And it leads to an "overwhelming question". Because what he has described before are unbalancing (negative is more than positive). Obviously, the question he wants to ask is low, vulgar and coarse (we will know that is something about the original desire of the human body). And it is difficult to ask for those people who care about their reputation. The question has not been asked but ends up with an ellipsis, showing that he is so tension, and he cannot do ask this question (and he is doubting in the whole poem). Finally, he arrives at the room, where the women are "talking of Michelangelo". It is known to all that Michelangelo is famous at the human body structure. Although talking about the arts seems to be noble, at this point, it seems like those women are conveying about their bodies’ desire implicitly. This shows he is struggling between impulse and reason.

It uses the beautiful nightfall at first, and then comes a contrast, which leads to an "overwhelming question", showing up the main thread of the whole poem (to "ask" or not to "ask").

这个是这首情诗的开头

头两行描绘了两个人在夕阳下漫步的情形,十分浪漫,富有节奏感和渲染力, 展示这是一个恋爱的很好的时间It seems that this is a good time for love。但是第三行却来了一个转折,作者use "patient etherized upon a table", which is the symbol of something bad, decayed and illness。The word "etherized" showing that something is going to happen that you should better not to experience, Or you should better forgot what you did. "Let us go" 之后,画面立即发生转折。" half-deserted streets" 还有"" shows that he is at a good time but wrong spot. 如果是一个hotel,那个没什么但是加上了"the one-night cheap" ,表现了这是一个低级的不高上,并不是一个让人休息的,更像是一些情侣妓女等low company, a place for those who doing 一些不可见人的事情。It is a restaurant but "sawdust" and "with oyster-shells" shows 这是一个脏乱差的地方。接下来是一个冒号,这个带出了一个问题,上面这些景象带来的,即使这个问题没有被问出来,大家都能够知道这个问题是有关人类的原始欲望的which can make you wandering between impulse and reason(冲动与理性)。Then he visit the room, and women is talking about Michelangelo. It's know to all that Michelangelo is good at the human body structure. In another way, women are conveying about their desire implicitly. They seems to be noble, but actually 也有属于自己的欲望

整段话都是围绕这这个 严重的问题"Overwhelming question",展现了作者在情欲与理性之间的矛盾心理。

 

 

 

A Rose for Emily -- William Faulkner

 

It was a big, squarish frame house that had once been white, decorated with cupolas and spires and scrolled balconies in the heavily lightsome style of the seventies, set on what had once been our most select street. But garages and cotton gins had encroached and obliterated even the august names of that neighborhood; only Miss Emily's house was left, lifting its stubborn and coquettish decay above the cotton wagons and the gasoline pumps—an eyesore among eyesores. And now Miss Emily had gone to join the representatives of those august names where they lay in the cedar-bemused cemetery among the ranked and anonymous graves of Union and Confederate soldiers who fell at the battle of Jefferson.

 

This is a paragraph at the beginning of the short story, describing some basic information about Miss Emily. At the first sentence, it uses pluperfect tense "had once been", informing us that house was like that but now is different. Instead of using a comma and one "and", this sentence use two "and"s between three nouns for describing what the house was "decorated with", showing the extraordinary luxury of this house. The word "But" brings us to recent. Compared with Miss Emily's house and her neighbours', "stubborn" shows the unchange and the "coquettish decay" shows the abandon. Then there is a dash, concluding that the house is extremely different from the others ("eyesore among eyesores"). Finally, it use "join" for Miss Emily, which seems humorous. Because the author is describing from the First Person perspective, from the people who are living in this town. It seems Miss Emily did not gain the respect from other people in this town.

Overall, this paragraph points out the change of time and the unchange of Miss Emily. Implicitly building packages that Miss Emily is a psychopath (thought everything must be eternal).

 

这是一段在文章开头,描写女主居家环境的文字。这个里的句子多次使用了过去完成时(pluperfect tense)"once been", It use two "and"s between three nouns for describing what the house was decorated with, instead of using a comma and one "and" , 展现出了(extraordinary)气势。it shows the difference between before and now implicitly, 告诉我们这里曾经很美好,但是随着时间的消逝变得不同了。

接着描述了Miss Emily居住的地方的突兀

然后采用幽默的手法写Miss Emily 加入(join) 目的,由于作者是用第一人称,从村民的角度写的,因此这么说她并没有得到村民们太大的尊重。这里煞费笔墨地写ranked and anonymous无论出名还是不出名,都是埋在一起;这也告诉我们随着时间的消逝,以前看得很重要的东西,现在可能看起来就不那么重要了。

这段话通过了景象的变化,为下文女主不承认过去的病态心理买下伏笔。

 

 

 

 

The Big Sleep

Over the entrance doors, which would have let in a troop of Indian elephants, there was a broad stained-glass panel showing a knight in dark armour rescuing a lady who was tied to a tree  and didn’t have any clothes on but for some very long and convenient hair. The knight had pushed the vizor of his helmet back to be sociable, and he was fiddling with the knots on the ropes that tied the lady  to the tree and not getting anywhere.  I stood there and thought that if I lived in the house, I would sooner or later have to climb up there and help him.  He didn't seem to be really trying.

 

 

This is a paragraph from the beginning of The Big Sleep, describing the entrance of General Sternwood house. The first sentence comes with a hyperbole, "would have let in a troop of Indian" showing that the entrance of this house are extremely big. Then the "broad stained-glass" also explicitly shows how luxury the house is. The main part of the paragraph is describing this panel, rather than simply telling us what is on that panel, it also tells us how the detective Marlowe thinks about this image implicitly. The knight in "dark armour" and the lady with "no clothes" are showing that the strong are rescuing the weak. However, the knight are "not getting anywhere", this is what the detective think, because he is in the same situation like the knight (He knows that the General is in trouble but does not know how to help yet). And then it is humorous. There is some implicit connection between the image and the detective .作者对这个房子的主人的品味产生质疑,The knight night chose to get nowhere but the detective chose to help the General.

Overall, this is a paragraph roughly telling us where the detective is going, showing that the Marlowes is not only a detective who solve the cases, but also a common person with his emotion.

 

 

 

 

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